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Electricity, Power Plugs & Sockets in Bulgaria

Updated: Aug 11, 2023


When embarking on a journey to Bulgaria, understanding the country's electrical system might not be the first thing on your mind. However, this information becomes crucial in this digital age, where we rely heavily on electronic devices.


Here’s what you need to know about electricity in Bulgaria:


1. Voltage and Frequency: Bulgaria uses a 230V supply voltage and 50Hz frequency, in line with many European nations. If you have devices designed for 110V, like those from the US or Canada, you'll need a voltage converter to prevent damage.


2. Plugs and Sockets:

  • In Bulgaria, the primary socket types are the Europlug (Type C) and Schuko (Type F). These two-pin rounded plugs are common across Europe. You'd need an adapter if your gadgets have a different plug type.


Type C


Type F



  • For frequent travelers, investing in a universal adapter is wise. However, if you're mainly exploring Bulgaria and nearby regions, a dedicated Type C/F adapter should suffice.


3. Power Surges and Fluctuations:

  • Although Bulgaria boasts a modern and efficient electricity grid, power surges, though rare, can occur, particularly in older infrastructures or during intense storms. Consider a surge protector when charging delicate gadgets to safeguard them.



4. Availability and Cost:

  • Most lodging places in Bulgaria will include electricity in the room rate. Yet, there might be some exceptions, like specific camping sites or secluded accommodations, which may impose restricted power hours or additional charges for electricity. It's always good practice to turn off lights when not needed, both for sustainability and courtesy.



5. Charging Stations:

  • As the world leans towards greener transport, Bulgaria is also experiencing growth in electric charging stations, particularly in its urban areas. Various mobile applications or online platforms can pinpoint the nearest station for electric vehicle users.


6. Using Electronic Devices:

  • Most modern chargers for devices such as smartphones, laptops, and cameras are dual voltage, indicating they can function safely between 110-240V. To avoid any mishaps, always inspect the label on your charger or device for compatibility.

  • For gadgets that lack built-in converters, like certain hair dryers, a step-down transformer might be necessary.


Tips for Travelers:

  • Adapters are small and easily lost, so it's wise to have a couple of extras on hand.

  • If your stay in Bulgaria extends over a period or if you're traveling with multiple devices, perhaps buy a local power strip, ensuring it's compatible with Bulgarian sockets.

  • Verify its compatibility before plugging in any electronic device to avoid potential damage.


A thorough understanding of Bulgaria's electrical system can shield you from unwanted troubles. With the appropriate tools and awareness, you'll have your devices powered up and operational, allowing you to delve into the beauty and culture of Bulgaria without a hitch! 🔌


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