The Judenplatz Holocaust Memorial is the central memorial for more than 65 thousand Holocaust victims of the Jewish-Austrian community.
Simon Wiesenthal was the initiator of the monument, and the city of Vienna built it.
The monument is located at Judenplatz, in the old city of Vienna. It was the place of the ancient synagogue of the middle ages Jews of Vienna, and it burned down in 1421 alongside 270 Jews who refused to convert their religion. The other Jews were banished from the city.
The remains of the old synagogue are buried under the memorial. They can be accessed and seen through the near Judenplatz Jewish Museum.
The memorial looks like a library, symbolizing the spirituality of the Jewish people.